Fighting in the jungle is always difficult since it includes impassable trails, insect-borne diseases, rain, mud and a host of other difficulties. Australians viewed Japanese control of Papua as an existential threat to the well-being of Australia.
The first of these, Operation Boston, was authorised on 20 May and initially planned for the Abau—Mullins Harbor area. The first clash between Australian soldiers supported by elements from the Papuan Infantry Battalion and the opposing Japanese troops took place on the 23rd of July.
The reason for the retreat was that Guadalcanal was going badly for them and Imperial Headquarters in Tokyo deemed it wise not to stick their neck out too far in Papua until the Guadalcanal problem was resolved. This happened in some cases.
The retention of this air-strip, for at least as long as it would take Australians to fly in supplies and reinforcements, was of great importance. The object was to construct an airfield at Dobodura. The rainfall along with the other conditions made it extremely difficult for the Australians to fight.
The battalion, commanded by Major William Watsonconsisted of three companies with a total strength ofincluding 30 Europeans — mainly officers and senior non-commissioned officers.
There was only one way and that always meant they had to climb the steepest mountains.
A draft, numbering about one hundred, was drawn from other militia units on short notice. Author, Eustace Keogh, clarifies this: This set in train the deployment of forces to Kokoda. Although the men were fighting the Japanese just a few hundred miles from home it was the first time that Australians had seen the awful conditions in which their soldiers were fighting in New Guinea.
The Mambare runs roughly south-east to north-west. With growing tensions, the 49th Battalion was sent to Port Moresby in March It overlooks the Yodda Valley formed by the Mambare River to its north.
With the threat of envelopment, the battalion commenced to withdraw toward Isurava on the morning of 14 August. It is one of the persistent myths of the Kokoda story that the Japanese believed that the Kokoda track was a vehicular road and statements to this effect can be found in the diaries of some Japanese soldiers.
Australian and American troops followed the retreating Japanese along the track, and fought them when they reached their coastal base at Buna-Gona.
Destined for North Queensland they were diverted to New Guinea en route.The Kokoda Track campaign or Kokoda Trail campaign was part of the Pacific War of World War II. The campaign consisted of a series of battles fought between July and November in what was then the Australian Territory of Papua.
The Australian Government and senior Army officers did not disavow the soldiers on the ground of this belief, because men fighting in defence of their homeland will fight with far greater determination. Overall, more than Australian troops died in fighting throughout the Kokoda operation, and more than were wounded.
Over 4, soldiers suffered from tropical diseases. Estimates of the Japanese dead are uncertain, but are probably even higher than the Allied casualties, because of the Japanese military tradition of committing suicide.
The Kokoda Track By Shane Thew. This is a story about Australian soldiers fighting to defend Australia. Inon the Kokoda Track and at Milne Bay in New Guinea, Australians were the first soldiers to inflict a defeat on the Japanese army during World War two.
After the Kokoda campaign Parer’s footage of the Australian commandos on Timor in Decemberand the fighting at Salamua, New Guinea, inbrought him further notoriety.
His loyalty to Australian commanders in the field caused Parer to lose his job with the Department of Information and he was snapped up by the American Paramount. Sep 19, · Brief history. The Kokoda Track Campaign was part of the Pacific War during the World War 2.
The campaign consisted of a series of battles fought from July to January between Japanese and Australian forces over the Owen Stanley Ranges of Papua New Guinea.Download